What is Artificial Intelligence (AI) ?

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a computer or a computer-controlled robot to perform tasks that would normally be performed by intelligent beings. The word is often used to refer to a project aimed at creating systems with human-like cognitive abilities, such as the ability to think, discover meaning, generalize, and learn from past experiences. Since the invention of the digital computer in the 1940s, it has been demonstrated that computers can be programmed to perform extremely complex tasks with ease, such as finding proofs for mathematical theorems or playing chess.Despite ongoing improvements in computer processing speed and memory power, no systems have yet to equal human versatility across broader domains or in tasks involving a great deal of common knowledge.However, some algorithms have surpassed the performance standards of human experts and specialists in performing specific tasks, and artificial intelligence in this restricted context can be used in applications as diverse as medical diagnosis, computer search engines, and speech or handwriting recognition.



How AI works?

Building an AI system is a painstaking method of reversing human characteristics and skills in a computer and leveraging its computing prowess to outperform our skill.

To fully comprehend how Artificial Intelligence operates, one must first learn about the different subdomains of AI and how those domains can be extended to various industries. 

1: Machine Learning:

Machine learning (ML) teaches a computer how to draw inferences and conclusions based on previous knowledge. It recognises trends, analyses previous results, and infers the value of these data points without relying on human experience to draw a conclusion. This automation of reaching conclusions by analyzing data saves companies time and allows them to make smarter decisions.

2: Neural Networks:

Human neural cells and Neural Networks all operate on the same concepts. They are a collection of algorithms that capture the relationship between different underpinning variables and interpret the information in the same way that a human brain does.

3: Computer Vision:

Computer vision algorithms attempt to comprehend an image by dissecting it and observing various portions of the objects. This aids the machine’s classification and learning from a series of photographs, allowing it to make better production decisions based on prior observations.

4: Cognitive Computing:

Cognitive computing algorithms attempt to imitate the human brain by analyzing language, voice, pictures, and objects in the same way as humans do, and then attempting to produce the desired output. 

5: Deep Learning:

Deep Learning is a machine learning technique. It teaches a computer to identify, conclude, and forecast outcomes by processing inputs across layers.Deep learning can be thought of as a way to simplify predictive analytics at the most basic level. Deep learning algorithms are stacked in a hierarchy of increasing complexity and abstraction, unlike conventional machine learning algorithms, which are linear.

6: Natural Language Processing:

NLP is the science of a computer hearing, learning, and translating a language. When a computer knows what the consumer is trying to say, it reacts appropriately. Today’s Machines can also analyze more language-based data than humans can, without being fatigued and in a coherent and impartial manner. Given the massive amount of unstructured data produced every day, from medical records to social media, automation would be essential for efficiently analyzing text and speech data.


5 Advantages of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence technologies offer tremendous benefits and have the potential to revolutionize every industry. Let’s take a look at a few of them.

1: Reduce Human Errors:

Artificial intelligence makes decisions based on previously collected data and a selection of algorithms. As a result, errors are minimized, and the possibility of achieving greater accuracy and precision is increased.Since humans make errors from time to time, the term “human error” was coined. Computers, on the other hand, do not make these errors if they are correctly programmed.

2:  Available all the time:

Without breaks, an average person can work for 4–6 hours a day. Humans are designed in such a way that they can take time off to refresh themselves and prepare for a new day at work, and they also have weekly off days to keep their work and personal lives apart. But, unlike humans, we can use AI to make machines work 24 hours a day, seven days a week with no breaks, and they don’t get bored.

3:  Digital Assistance:

Digital assistants are used by some of the most innovative organizations to communicate with consumers, reducing the need for human resources. Many websites often use digital assistants to deliver things that users like. We should discuss what we’re looking for with them. Some chatbots are built in such a way that it’s difficult to tell if we’re talking to a bot or a human.

4:  Faster Decision Making:

We can make machines make decisions and carry out acts faster than humans by combining AI with other technologies. While a person will consider multiple variables, both emotionally and technically, when making a decision, an AI-powered computer will focus on what it has been trained to do and will produce results more quickly.

5:   Inventions:

Many technologies in almost every domain are driven by AI, which will aid humans in solving the majority of complex problems. Artificial intelligence can be thought of as “invention of a system of invention” and a technique that can be applied to a variety of different forms of innovation.

5 Disadvantages of Artificial

Intelligence (AI):

Here are some disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence:

1:  Unemployeement:

Human interference is becoming less as AI replaces the bulk of routine jobs and other tasks with robots, causing a major problem in job standards. Every company is attempting to replace minimum-qualified employees with AI robots that can perform similar tasks more efficiently.

2:  Humans becoming lazy:

With its applications automating the bulk of the jobs, AI is making humans lazy. Humans are prone to becoming addicted to these technologies, posing a threat to future generations.

3:  Emotionless:

There is no question that robots are much stronger when it comes to operating effectively but they cannot eliminate the human interaction that makes the team. Machines are unable to form bonds with humans, which is an important characteristic of team management.

4:  High Coast:

Since AI is evolving on a daily basis, hardware and software must be upgraded on a regular basis to keep up with the new specifications. Machines necessitate repair and servicing, all of which incur significant costs. Since they are extremely complicated devices, their construction necessitates exorbitant costs.

5:  Lack of unconventional thinking:

Machines should only execute the functions for which they were designed or programmed; anything else causes them to fail or produce meaningless results, which can be a significant distraction.